JAG Consulting Group, Inc.
Providing Innovative In-Situ Remedial Strategies
In-Situ Chemical Oxidation
JAG Consulting provides injection of  the following types of chemical oxidants:
  • Temperature Controlled Stabilized Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Stabilized Hydrogen Peroxide Activated Sodium Persulfate
  • Caustic Activated Sodium Persulfate
  • Iron Activated Sodium Persulfate
  • Heat Activated Sodium Persulfate
  • Klozur CR (Calcium Peroxide activated Sodium Persulfate)
  • Sodium Percarbonate
  • Potassium Permanganate
  • Sodium Permanganate


Our ISCO projects are focused primarily on the use of Hydrogen Peroxide and Sodium Persulfate (or a combination thereof), since these oxidants form free radicals, which  have the strongest oxidizing power of all oxidants. Hydrogen peroxide generates hydroxyl (OH•) radicals and other free radicals in a succession of reactions as shown in the following chemical equations:


Sodium persulfate is activated by one of four methods (peroxide, high pH, iron, or heat) and it results in the formation of sulfate free radicals (SO4-·) and hydroxyl radicals (OH•) as represented in the equations below.  

Recent ISCO Projects Designed and Implemented by JAG Consulting



ISCO Chemicals

Gas Station, Silverdale, WA

BTEX, TPH gas,

Stabilized Hydrogen Peroxide and Activated Persulfate

Industrial Site, Ferndale, MI

TCE, VC, Styrene, EB, Toluene

Stabilized Hydrogen Peroxide

Gas Station, Milpitas, CA


Caustic Activated Sodium Persulfate

Alameda Naval Air Station, CA


Iron Activated Sodium Persulfate

Newport Beach, CA


Caustic Activated Sodium Persulfate

Dry Cleaners, Tarzana, CA


Potassium Permanganate

Gas Station, Sun City, CA


Caustic Activated Sodium Persulfate

Dry Cleaners, Los Angeles, CA


Potassium Permanganate

ISCO Case Studies

ISCO Case Studies performed by JAG Consulting Group at sites throughout California and the Western U.S. are provided in the links below. Included are case studies that have been published in the US EPA newsletter "Technology News and Trends" and in the ITRC Guidance Document for ISCO Injections.

High pH Activation of Persulfate

Case Study High pH Activation, Gas Station Site, Milpitas, CA.

Case Study High pH Activation, Illinois

Case Study High pH Activation, BTEX Site, Huntington Harbor, CA.

Case Study High pH Activation, Electronic Manufacturing Site, Newport Beach, CA.

Peroxide Activation of Persulfate

EPA Article Reprinted

Case Study Activated Persulfate, Benzene Site, La Mirada, CA.

Case Study MTBE-TAME - Lake Shasta

Case Study MTBE-TBA - Woodland Hills

ITRC Case Study BTEX

Iron Activation of Persulfate

Case Study Alameda Naval Air Station, CA

Case Study Camp Pendleton Marine Corps Base, CA


Case Study Dry Cleaners Site, Tarzana, CA

ITRC Case Study TCE and DCE

Case Study Potassium Permanganate, La Mirada

Case Study Permanganate Pilot Test - Costa Mesa


Bench Scale and Treatability Testing

The performance of a Bench Scale Treatability Test is probably the most fiscally prudent task that can be performed while evaluating the technical feasibility of using Chemical Oxidation, Chemical Reduction, or Enhanced Anaerobic Bioremediation for in-situ remediation. A properly performed Bench Scale Test can determine not only whether the technology being evaluated will be effective in the destruction of VOCs in the field, but also whether it will be cost effective.  It will also determine whether any adverse side effects may occur. Finally, a properly performed Bench Test will aid in the engineering design of a successful injection project.  

Among the many important questions that a well designed Bench Scale Test can answer include the following:

  • Can the chemical reagent effectively destroy the primary contaminants of concern?  This is probably the most important question to answer before spending money on field injections.
  • What is the optimal dose of chemical reagent to use in the field?  Each site has variable soil and water quality characteristics such as high bicarbonate, high sulfate, or high TDS, which might inhibit certain chemical processes. It is important to determine the level of any interferences that may occur so as to not under-dose nor overdose the site.
  • What will be expected life (duration) of the chemical reagents in the field?  The longer the chemical reagents survive in the subsurface the longer time they will have to make contact with and destroy the contaminants of concern.
  • Will an any adverse side effects occur? Tests can determine whether undesirable daughter products such as 1,2-DCE or vinyl chloride will be generated during bio-degradation of chlorinated compounds. Other tests can determine whether hexavalent chromium generation may occur during oxidation testing.
  • How buffered are the soils? Sites with highly buffered soils will require larger quantities of acid or base to change the pH.  This is important for determining the proper amount of base to add to induce high pH activation of sodium persulfate as well as for neutralizing Bioremediation reagents that might lower the pH of the groundwater.
  • Can LNAPL or DNAPL be effectively removed? Often times, Bench Tests can confirm that measurable amounts of NAPL can be removed using chemical oxidation.
  • Is the Soil Oxidant Demand in the moderate range? If the SOD or TOD is elevated, much of the oxidant may be consumed by the naturally occurring organics in the soil and the oxidant will not efficiently destroy contaminants.



Contact Us

Gary Cronk

Office Phone: 714-241-7722
Office Fax: 714-241-9922
Cell Phone: 714-465-7767
e-mail address: gary@jagconsultinggroup.com

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